“化石燃料限制和部门政策仍然是必要的，但不足以管理向可再生能源主导的能源系统的过渡，”Irena（国际可再生能源机构）总干事Francesco La Camera说道，“能源转型有三大优先支柱：有形基础设施、政策和监管要求，以及熟练的劳动力，所有这些都需要大量投资和新的合作方式。”
Global investment in renewable energy has reached $1.3 trillion in 2022，among which China, the United States, and Europe account for over 70% of the total
Replacing traditional energy with renewable energy has become a global trend.
According to statistics from Chaodian Think Tank, in terms of installed capacity, in 2022, renewable energy added 3000GW, accounting for 40% of the global total energy increment and contributing 83% of the global electricity growth, with the EU, China, and the United States accounting for more than 70% of the total increase. It is expected that by 2030, the global annual installation of renewable energy will exceed 10000 GW.
In terms of investment amount in energy transformation, the global investment in renewable energy in 2022 is 1.3 trillion US dollars. It is expected that by 2030, $44 trillion will flow globally towards energy efficiency, electrification, and grid expansion, bringing structural changes to the energy transformation of renewable energy. About 80% of this $35 trillion will be more accurately focused on efficiency, electrification, grid expansion, and flexibility.
“Fossil fuel restrictions and sectoral policies are still necessary, but not sufficient to manage the transition to a renewable energy led energy system,” said Francesco La Camera, Director General of Irena (International Renewable Energy Agency).
However, the three priority pillars of energy transformation are clearly not suitable for Africa. A set of data shows that Africa only accounts for 1% of global renewable energy expansion investment in 2022, indicating that the current African new energy market is not favored by investors.
La Camera believes that in order to develop renewable energy in Africa, multilateral financial institutions should provide more funding for energy transformation projects on more favorable terms and build necessary new energy system infrastructure for Africa.